Winter Exercise Ideas

Winter Exercise Ideas

Interested in getting started exercising but not sure what to do as the temperatures drop? Give the following activities a try, and you may find yourself warming up to winter…

Zumba for Diabetes

Zumba for Diabetes

The Zumba motto is, “Forget the workout and join the party!” Learn how you can get started with this exercise in disguise…

Metabolic Surgery

Metabolic Surgery

Metabolic surgery is an umbrella term for a number of surgical procedures that improve blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes who are obese…

Six Little-Known Diabetes Symptoms

Six Little-Known Diabetes Symptoms

Most people are aware of the classic signs and symptoms of diabetes, but by some estimates, more than 7 million people in the United States are undiagnosed. Learn about six little-known diabetes symptoms…

Cardiac Stent

Cardiac Stent

A small mesh tube used to treat narrow or weak coronary arteries. People with diabetes are especially prone to atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque, a waxy substance, builds up inside the arteries…

Type 1 Diabetes Staging

Type 1 Diabetes Staging

Type 1 diabetes staging is a classification of the three stages of Type 1 diabetes developed by JDRF (formerly the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation)…



A large clinical study designed to determine whether various interventions could reduce heart risk in people with Type 2 diabetes…

Palliative Care

Palliative Care

The treatment of discomfort, symptoms, and psychological stress associated with serious illness. Some people confuse palliative care with end-of-life care…

Artificial Pancreas

Artificial Pancreas

An artificial pancreas is a mechanism that delivers insulin via an insulin pump in amounts dictated by changes in blood glucose and other factors…



The study of genetic variations that can affect how an individual responds to specific drugs, in terms of both effectiveness and adverse events…

Choosing a Hearing Aid

I came to loathe the first pair of hearing aids I ever tried over five years ago. The audiologist took great delight in explaining all of the fancy electronics inside them, but I didn’t find them very impressive in the real world. ..

Sugar molecule -- what are glyconutrients?

Glyconutrients: Definition and Overview

Eight specific sugars, or saccharides, found naturally in certain plants. These sugars include fucose, galactose, glucose, mannose, N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylneuraminic acid, and xylose, which purportedly help form important compounds called glycoproteins in the body…

Protecting Your Kidneys From Kidney Disease

Protecting Your Kidneys

There are now a number of measures you can take that have been scientifically proven to protect your kidneys and lower the risk of developing diabetes-related kidney disease…

Generic Drugs

People with diabetes often take multiple drugs, including blood-glucose-lowering pills or insulin, blood-pressure-lowering pills, and cholesterol-lowering pills. The cost of all these medicines can really add up. One way to save money on medicines is to…

Healthy Aging With Diabetes

Healthy Aging With Diabetes

Today, thanks to better tools for managing diabetes and preventing and treating its complications, people with diabetes have the opportunity to live longer than ever before…

Hyperglycemic Crises

Hyperglycemic Crises

One type results in about 100,000 hospitalizations a year with a mortality rate of under 5%. The other is thought to cause fewer hospitalizations, yet the mortality rate is about 15%. Severe hyperglycemic conditions involve very serious imbalances in blood chemistry…

What Is a Stroke

Stroke: Definition and Overview

Damage to brain tissue caused by a disruption in blood flow to the brain. Strokes can be fatal and can result in temporary or permanent disability. Common aftereffects of a stroke include paralysis, weakness, muscular contractions, loss of sensation, and…

What Is an Insulin Analog

Insulin Analog: Definition and Overview

A man-made substance resembling insulin in which the molecular structure has been altered for a more desirable effect. Insulin is a hormone, or chemical messenger that is released into the bloodstream to be transported throughout the body…

What Is a PPAR Agonist

PPAR Agonists: Definition and Overview

A family of drugs that activate certain proteins in the body called peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). The PPAR agonists can help to improve blood glucose levels and levels of blood lipids (fats and cholesterol) and may also reduce…

Man checking blood sugar -- What Is a Lancet?

Lancet: Definition and Overview

A pointed piece of surgical steel encased in plastic, used to puncture the skin on one’s finger (or other body part) to get a blood sample. Other types of lancets are used for making small incisions, as in the draining of boils and abscesses. Lancets for…

What Is Lactic Acidosis

Lactic Acidosis: Definition and Overview

The buildup of lactic acid in the bloodstream. This medical emergency most commonly results from oxygen deprivation in the body’s tissues, impaired liver function, respiratory failure, or cardiovascular disease. It can also be caused by a class of oral…

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

A type of diabetes first diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnancies, resulting in roughly 135,000 cases in the United States each year…

What Is Hemochromatosis & How Is It Diagnosed?

Hemochromatosis: Definition and Overview

A common inherited disorder in which the body absorbs and stores abnormally high amounts of iron, causing damage to certain organs. Hemochromatosis tends to coexist with diabetes, for reasons that aren’t completely clear.


What Is Edema & What Causes It

Edema: Definition and Overview

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in various body tissues, causing swelling. The swelling may affect any of a number of body sites, such as the legs, ankles, and feet; the hands; the back or abdomen; and even the eyelids…

Woman in hospital bed -- What Is a Pressure Sore & How to Prevent One

Pressure Sore: Definition and Overview

A sore, or ulcer, caused by prolonged pressure against the skin and underlying tissue. The pressure cuts the blood flow to the affected area; the resulting ulcer can be extremely painful, and if left untreated may lead to such serious consequences as…

What Is Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration: Definition and Overview

Breakdown of the light-sensitive cells in the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 55 in the United States…

What Is An Ophthalmologist

Ophthalmologist: Definition and Overview

A medical doctor specializing in diseases of the eye. People often get confused between opticians, optometrists, and ophthalmologists.

An optician can fill prescriptions for corrective lenses but does not examine the eyes.

An optometrist has a…

Beta Cells

Beta Cells

The cells located within the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas that secrete insulin…

What Is Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis: Definition and Overview

A disease in which arteries become dangerously narrowed by lipid deposits. People with diabetes are at increased risk for atherosclerosis…

Atherosclerosis begins when the endothelium, the inner lining of the arteries that has direct contact with the…

What Causes Cataracts & How to Prevent It

Cataract: Definition and Overview

A cloudy lens in the eye that may cause vision problems. The lens is the part of the eye that focuses light on the retina, which in turn translates the light into the impulses transmitted to the brain.

Cataract is a painless condition. Some signs of…


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