May 29, 2022: My triglycerides are too high. What should I do?

To lower triglyceride levels, reduce your intake of refined or processed carbohydrates, such as candy, table sugar, white flour, and baked goods made with white flour.

Learn more about triglycerides.

May 28, 2022: I’m considering trying a low-carbohydrate diet. Are there any steps I should take in advance?

Yes — if you’re considering a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet for weight loss or blood glucose control, check with your doctor or diabetes educator first.

May 27, 2022: How can you lower your chances of developing heart disease?

To reduce your risk of coronary heart disease, reduce your intake of saturated and trans fat. Saturated fat should be less than 7% of your total calories per day and trans fat should be avoided.

Learn more about coronary heart disease.

May 26, 2022: What measures should I take at the end of a hospital stay?

Before you leave the hospital, make sure you have in writing what your medicines and doses should be when you arrive home. If some of the medicines you were taking before hospitalization are not on the list of medicines to take after, ask why. Also, ask your usual pharmacist to check your new combination of medicines for potential drug interactions or anything that you may be allergic to.

May 25, 2022: What is one of the most important steps you can take for your eyes?

If you have diabetes, quitting smoking is arguably the single best thing you can do for your eyes (as well as your heart, lungs, kidneys, dental health, etc.).

May 24, 2022: What nutrients should I eat for healthy bones?

Adequate levels of many nutrients, including calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and vitamin K, are necessary to build healthy bones. The most important of these are calcium and vitamin D.

Learn more about bone health.

May 23, 2022: What should you do if you think you’ve developed low blood glucose?

If you think your blood glucose level is low, address the problem promptly. Stop what you’re doing, check your blood glucose level with your meter, and have a snack if necessary, even if you have to stop your car or interrupt a conversation to do it. If you don’t have your meter with you or can’t use it for any reason, go ahead and treat your symptoms of hypoglycemia without checking your blood glucose level first.

Learn more about hypoglycemia.

May 22, 2022: Is there anything I should bring along when heading out to exercise?

Even if you’re just going for a walk or a bike ride, pop a small bottle of water, a snack, some money, and your basic diabetes supplies into a fanny pack.

Learn more about adding movement to your life.

May 20, 2022: I have a foot ulcer. What should I do?

See your doctor immediately. Treatment may include oral or intravenous antibiotics to control the infection, as well as dressings and salves with lubricating, protective, antibiotic, or cleansing properties.

Learn more about avoiding foot ulcers.

May 19, 2022: How much exercise should I aim to do each day?

Once you get the OK to exercise from your doctor, try 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most, if not all, days of the week — even if you are not overweight.

Learn about making exercise fun.

May 18, 2022: What is an important step I can take to avoid getting athlete’s foot?

To help prevent athlete’s foot, it is always a good idea to wear slippers or shoes of some sort in public areas such as locker rooms or showers.

Learn more about foot care.

May 17, 2022: How can I lower my risk of developing osteoporosis (decreased bone mass)?

Engage in regular, weight-bearing physical activity and consume adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D.

Learn more about maintaining healthy bones.

May 16, 2022: How should I handle an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)?

To treat hypoglycemia, chew and swallow four glucose tablets (containing about 4 grams of carbohydrate each) or drink about 5 ounces of orange juice or a regular (not diet) soft drink.

Learn more about treating hypoglycemia.

May 15, 2022: How can you make sure your diabetes will be taken into account if you are incapacitated?

It is a good idea for anyone with diabetes to wear a medical identification bracelet indicating that they have diabetes, just in case they are ever unable to speak for themselves.

Learn more about medical ID here.

May 14, 2022: What’s better: a newer, more expensive drug or a cheaper, older one?

Older, proven medicines are often — though not always — both cheaper and safer to use than brand-new ones. Ask your doctor what different options are available to treat your condition.

Learn more about generic drugs here.

May 13, 2022: What kinds of calcium supplements should I avoid?

Avoid “natural” calcium supplements that contain calcium from coral, oyster shells, dolomite, or bone meal, because these sources are more likely to be contaminated with lead and other dangerous substances.

Learn more about supplements here.

May 12, 2022: What kind of calcium supplement should I take?

If you need a calcium supplement to meet your calcium requirements, choose one that contains calcium citrate, calcium lactate, or calcium carbonate.

Learn more about supplements here.

May 11, 2022: How can you make sure the supplement you choose is of high quality?

Choose supplements that have the USP (United States Pharmacopeia) seal, showing they meet government guidelines for production and dissolution.

Learn more about supplements here.

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